A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state (national government) to an inventor or their assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for a public disclosure of an invention.

The procedure for granting patents, the requirements placed on the patentee, and the extent of the exclusive rights vary widely between countries according to national laws and international agreements. Typically, however, a patent application must include one or more claims defining the invention which must be new, non-obvious, and useful or industrially applicable. In many countries, certain subject areas are excluded from patents, such as business methods and mental acts. The exclusive right granted to a patentee in most countries is the right to prevent others from making, using, selling, or distributing the patented invention without permission.

Under the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, patents should be available in WTO member states for any inventions, in all fields of technology, and the term of protection available should be the minimum twenty years. Different types of patents may have varying patent terms (i.e., durations).


There are some requirements to file the Application of Patent Registration in Indonesia.


General Requirements

- A simply signed Power of Attorney

- Assignment of right from Inventor(s) to Applicant(s), if the applicant is not the inventor

- Certified copy of priority documents, on claiming priority

- Specification of patent, as well as description, abstract, claims, and drawing.



- Number of Foreign Patent Applications Filed in Indonesia (1991-2004)

- Number of Patent Applications in Indonesia by the Country of Origin (filed in 1991-2004)



- Power of Attorney

- Assignment

- Indonesian Patent Procedure

- Indonesian Patent Law No. 14 Year 2001

- National Phase in Indonesia

- Information on Contracting States (Indonesia)

- Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)

- Regulations under the PCT

- The International Patent System in 2004



More: PCT Contracting States and Two-letter Codes





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